有關《開羅宣言與公告》之重要真跡歷史記錄文件(一) - 【轉貼】


有關《開羅宣言與公告》之重要真跡歷史記錄文件(一),
「開羅宣言」是否有效?事實發現,答案是「有效」,但是對台灣而言是「無效」。

By WEAREALLONE on August 09, 2009

專論有關THE FIRST CAIRO CONFERENCE 第一次開羅會議之《開羅宣言與公告》之重要真跡歷史記錄文件(一)。

第一部份: THE COMMUNIQUE AND ITS RELEASE 開羅公報及發佈公報之文件

日期時間 文件名稱及概要內容 原會議記錄之頁次
1943 Nov. 26 1. Final Text of the Communiqué Agreed text as completed on November 26 and released on December 1: territories to be removed from Japanese control; Territories to be restored to China; independence of Korea; Unconditional surrender of Japan. 448
Nov. 26 2. Memorandum by the Minister in Egypt Memorandum of conversation with Hopkins regarding release of the communiqué. 449
Nov. 28 3. The Minister in Egypt to the President\'s Special Assistant, Temporarily at Tehran Request for detailed instructions regarding release of the communiqué. 449
Nov. 29 4. The Minister in Egypt Lo the Presidents Special Assistant, Temporarily at Tehran Further request for instructions regarding release of the communique. 450
Nov. 30 5. The President\'s Special Assistant to the Minister in Egypt Instructions regarding release of information about the Cairo Conference. 451
Nov.30 6. The Director of the Office of War Information to the British Minister of Information Protest against premature release of press report on Cairo Conference. 452
Dec. 2 7. The President\'s Secretary to the President\'s Special Assistant Report of favourable public reaction to Cairo communiqué; Suggestion for tightening controls on future releases of this nature. 453
Dec. 2 8. The President\'s Special Assistant to the President\'s Secretary Request for report on any violations of censorship rules in release of Cairo or Tehran communiqués. 453
Dec. 2 9. The President\'s Secretary to the President\'s Special Assistant Report on adverse reaction in American press circles to premature release by Reuters of information on Cairo Conference. 453
December 1, 1943 10. Final Text of the Cairo Communique; The US President\'s Secretary to the press The final Cairo Communiqué was released to the press by the White House on December 1, 1943, and was printed, with slight editorial variations, in the Department of State Bulletin, vol. IX, December 4, \'1943, p. 393. 448


1. Final Text of the Communiqué正式開羅公報之文件打字記錄版本,正式定版開羅公報,即以邱吉爾首相親手改定版本為依據定案公告。



2. 美國羅斯福總統親手稿,批改之開羅公報草擬稿之真跡文件(共二頁)





3. 羅斯福總統親手定版之美國版開羅公報草擬稿文件之打字版本



>4. 英國邱吉爾首相親手稿,批改之開羅公報草擬稿之真跡文件,正式定版開羅公報即以邱吉爾首相版本為依據定案。本真跡係以正式首相公文只製定處理。



5. 《開羅宣言》的正式發佈原文內容與白宮執行發佈指令公文文書


這是當年美國總統白宮(由STEPHEN EARLY, Secretary to the President署名)發出機密文書,發佈《Cario Communique (Cario Declaration)》,《開羅宣言》的正式發佈原文內容與白宮執行發佈指令公文文書。

依開羅會議正式記錄內容: Final Text of the Communiqué :Agreed text as completed on November 26 and released on December 1: territories to be removed from Japanese control; Territories to be restored to China; independence of Korea; Unconditional surrender of Japan.

《開羅宣言》是依第一次開羅會議於1943年就一致達成決議的定案內容,並遵照會議決議,保密至1943年12月1日, 等待美國羅斯福,英國邱吉爾共同飛到德黑蘭與蘇聯史達林三巨頭《德黑蘭會議》,並達成一致有關與蘇聯部份之議案,發表《德黑蘭公報》的同時,由美國白宮安排同時以廣播方式, 一起同一天時間發佈《開羅宣言》。白宮執行發佈指令公文文書, 指令發佈單位必須守密直到於7:30 P.M., E.W.T., on Wednesday, December 1, 1943 以廣播發佈,公告全世界。

該份《開羅宣言》的宣言原文內容與執行指令文書,於開羅會議結束November 27, 1943後,由主戰國美方執行,美國完成公文作業程序,由白宮發送執行單位,執行安排辦理發佈進行作業。 美國國務院等單位,於安排辦理發佈任務執行完畢後, 由最高主官簽名批交存檔〔File〕(initial見原文書),即將該重要文件發交美國國務院存檔保留密存。

該份《開羅宣言》的原文與執行指令文書,於《開羅宣言》廣播發佈後第二天,即December 3, 1943,就正式送達美國國務院檔案科列管作業。

該份《開羅宣言》的原文與執行指令文書,是於December 3, 1943由美國國務院檔案科蓋\章簽收(蓋\章見原文書),並於January 19, 1944 建檔完成編號列管保存。

Document Number: Records of the Department of State Relating to World War II, 1939-1945 "740.0011 EUROPEAN WAR 1939/32623"


Repository保存單位(現在): U.S. National Archives & Records Administration (RG59)

該份《開羅宣言》的宣言原文內容與執行指令文書,文字打字如下:

CONFIDENTIAL
HOLD FOR RELEASE

CONFIDENTIAL
HOLD FOR RELEASE

CONFIDENTIAL
HOLD FOR RELEASE


PLEASE SAFEGUARD AGAINST PREMATURE RELEASE OR PUBLICATION.

The following communique is for automatic release at 7:30 P.M., E.W.T., on Wednesday, December 1, 1943.

Extraordinary precautions must be taken to hold this communication absolutely confidential and secret until the hour set for automatic release.

No intimation can be given its contents nor shall its contents be the subject of speculation or discussion on the part of anybody receiving it, prior to the hour of release.

Radio commentators and news broadcasters are particularly cautioned not to make the communication the subject of speculation before the hour of release for publication.
STEPHEN EARLY
Secretary to the President


President Roosevelt, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and Prime Minister Mr. Churchill, together with their respective military and diplomatic advisers, have completed a conference in North Africa.

The following general statement was issued:

"The several military missions have agreed upon future military operations against Japan. The Three Great Allies expressed their resolve to bring unrelenting pressure against their brutal enemies by sea, land, and air. This pressure is already rising.

"The Three Great Allies are fighting this war to restrain and punish the aggression of Japan. They covet no gain for themselves and have no thought of territorial expansion. It is their purpose that Japan shall be stripped of all the islands in the Pacific which she has seized or occupied since the beginning of the first World War in 1914, and that all the territories Japan has stolen from the Chinese, such as Manchuria, Formosa, and The Pescadores, shall be restored to the Republic of China. Japan will also be expelled from all other territories which she has taken by violence and greed. The aforesaid three great powers, mindful of the enslavement of the people of Korea, are determined that in due course Korea shall become free and independent.

"With these objects in view the three Allies, in harmony with those of the United Nations at war with Japan, will continue to persevere in the serious and prolonged operations necessary to procure the unconditional surrender of Japan."
----------------------------------------



Record ID: 1249740278 From: 美國
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
回信發言人:weareallone, on Aug 08/2009 22:12:14 (IP code: X.X.184.190)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
第二部份: PROCEEDINGs OF THE FIRST CAIRO CONFERENCE 第一次開羅會議議程及議事討論與議定文件(謹列牽涉到有關中國蔣介石或日本台灣之部份)

第一次開羅會議/德黑蘭會議/第二次開羅會議議程名單時間記錄表(共三頁)


page 1


page 2


page.3

開羅會議之召開, 不但規模之大,召開時間之持長,而且成功達成一致決議,同時會議記錄非常詳盡, 正式記錄打字達895頁,世界記錄詳盡。

沈博士他公布去取得存於蔣介石大溪檔案室的那一份(如下圖片),應該是聽到廣播後,蔣指示下官國民黨政府自己打字出來的。因為那一份跟本不存在美英檔案中。美英的稿件真跡如上所示。蔣介石大溪檔案室的那一份錯字修改, 版本與白宮本及羅邱稿版本根本不同。

該份自己打字出來的文件,其排版方式,與美國保存的該份《開羅宣言》的宣言原文內容與執行指令文書,就下面宣言內容的部份,是不同。



要以廣播發佈,公告全世界的宣告,在空中生效那一刻時間聲音,要怎麼簽名?簽名在空中廣播中聲音的那裡?

史實就是史實,爭甚麼簽名不簽名沒有任何意義。
沈博士以一份由蔣指示下官國民黨政府自己打字出來的的重錄本,以為上面沒有簽名,
就以為《開羅宣言》是偽造,認定是假的。

雖然沈博士有說去美國查證,宣稱得到檔案管理人員的答覆沒有簽名?
我不知道他是怎麼求證的?怎麼會出這麼大的包?

機密文件,可是隨便沒關係的身份者可以看到? 隨便問隔離那麼久的後任人員,當然無法得到正確的事件發展延革脈絡証據。難怪他的努力沒有辦法扭轉乾坤。

後來FAPA正式行文,雖說得到《開羅宣言》不是條約等級之回復,

但是,

1. 也不能否認有《開羅會議Cairo Conference》。

2. 也不能否認有得到《開羅宣言Cairo Declaration》三點內容之共識結議。

3. 也不能否認有《開羅宣言Cairo Declaration》由美國白宮主導,以《開羅會議新聞公告Cairo Conference Press Communique》方式發佈之事實。

4. 也不能否認有《開羅宣言Cairo Declaration》是由美國白宮主導執行以廣播發佈方式之事實。

5. 也不能否認有《開羅宣言Cairo Declaration》之三點內容,再次被於《波茨坦會議Potsdam Conference 》中以《波茨坦宣言Potsdam Declaration》再次被確認必須執行之事實。

6. 也不能否認美國於簽署《舊金山和約》前,有執行《開羅宣言Cairo Declaration》之三點內容之意圖。




「開羅宣言」是否有效?事實發現,答案是「有效」,但是對台灣而言是「無效」。


(待續)

回信發言人:weareallone, on Aug 08/2009 22:18:34 (IP code: X.X.184.190)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
圖page 3應該為: 德黑蘭會議/第二次開羅會議議程名單時間記錄表


Record ID: 1249740278R002 From: 美國
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
回信發言人:weareallone, on Aug 08/2009 22:22:43 (IP code: X.X.184.190)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
第一表中其他 THE COMMUNIQUE AND ITS RELEASE 開羅公報之發佈公報的作業文件, 於續篇中再提出。


Record ID: 1249740278R003 From: 美國
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
回信發言人:correction, on Aug 08/2009 22:29:01 (IP code: X.X.184.190)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
《開羅宣言》是依第一次開羅會議於1943年 11月26日,就已一致達成決議的定案內容,並遵照會議決議,保密至1943年12月1日,等待美國羅斯福,英國邱吉爾共同飛到德黑蘭與蘇聯史達林三巨頭《德黑蘭會議》,並達成一致有關與蘇聯部份之議案,發表《德黑蘭公報》的同時,由美國白宮安排同時以廣播方式, 一起同一天時間發佈《開羅宣言》。白宮執行發佈指令公文文書, 指令發佈單位必須守密直到於7:30 P.M., E.W.T., on Wednesday, December 1, 1943 以廣播發佈,公告全世界。


Record ID: 1249740278R004 From: 美國
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
回信發言人:weareallone, on Aug 08/2009 22:49:17 (IP code: X.X.184.190)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
圖page 3應該為: 德黑蘭會議/第二次開羅會議議程名單時間記錄表






檢視次數: 275

回覆

© 2021   Created by Free Taiwan.   管理小組

成員徽章  |  報告問題  |  服務條款

ブログパーツUL5